- Rotating equipment
- Static equipment List
Rotating equipment plays an important role in chemical plants, designed to operate a wide variety of processes. This equipment includes, but is not limited to, motors, pumps, compressors, generators, fans, and other similar devices.
50 rotating equipment names use in Industries
Motor, Pump, Compressor:
Type: Electric motor
Function: Converts electrical energy into mechanical energy, providing the rotational power needed to drive various machinery in the chemical plant.
Type: Centrifugal pump, Reciprocating pump, Diaphragm pump, etc.
Function: Transfers fluids (liquids or gases) from one location to another within the chemical process. It is crucial for maintaining flow rates and facilitating the movement of materials.
Type: Centrifugal compressor, Reciprocating compressor, Rotary compressor, etc.
Function: Increases the pressure of gases, compressing them for various processes. Compressors are vital for handling gases in chemical processes, such as providing high-pressure air for combustion or increasing the pressure of refrigerants.
Generator, Fan, Turbine:
Type: Electric generator
Function: Converts mechanical energy into electrical energy. In a chemical plant, generators are essential for producing electricity to power various equipment and ensure continuous operation.
Type: Axial fan, Radial fan
Function: Moves air or gases within the plant, aiding in ventilation and controlling temperature. Fans play a crucial role in maintaining optimal conditions for chemical processes and equipment.
Type: Steam turbine, Gas turbine, Axial turbine
Function: Converts the energy of a moving fluid (steam or gas) into mechanical energy. Turbines are commonly used in power generation or to drive other rotating equipment in chemical plants.
Blower, Agitator, Centrifuge:
Type: Centrifugal blower, Axial blower
Function: Similar to a fan but often used for higher pressures. Blowers provide air or gas movement for processes requiring controlled air circulation or aeration.
Type: Mechanical agitator
Function: Stirs or mixes liquids or substances in tanks or reactors. Agitators ensure uniformity in chemical reactions by preventing settling or stratification of components.
Type: Continuous Centrifuge, Batch Centrifuge
Function: Separates components in a mixture based on density using centrifugal force. Centrifuges are critical for processes involving the separation of solids and liquids.
Mixer, Conveyor, Gearbox:
Type: Planetary mixer, Ribbon blender
Function: Blends or mixes different materials to create a homogeneous mixture. Mixers are essential for preparing raw materials or facilitating chemical reactions.
Type: Belt conveyor, Screw conveyor
Function: Transports materials within the plant. Conveyors are used to move raw materials, finished products, or any substance efficiently from one location to another.
Type: Worm gearbox, Helical gearbox
Function: Modifies the speed and torque of rotating equipment. Gearboxes are crucial for adapting the power generated by motors to the specific requirements of different machines in the chemical plant.
Chiller, Heat Exchanger, Valve:
Type: Absorption chiller, Vapor compression chiller
Function: Removes heat from a substance or space, typically used in cooling processes. Chillers are vital for maintaining controlled temperatures in various stages of chemical production.
Type: Shell and tube heat exchanger, Plate heat exchanger
Function: Transfers heat between two or more fluids without mixing them. Heat exchangers are critical for efficient energy utilization and temperature control in chemical processes.
Type: Globe valve, Ball valve, Gate valve
Function: Controls the flow of fluids within pipelines. Valves play a crucial role in regulating the movement of liquids or gases, providing isolation, and enabling process control in chemical plants.
Extruder, Reactor, Dryer:
Extruder: An extruder is a machine used to produce objects with a fixed cross-sectional profile. It is commonly used in the plastic and food processing industries.
Reactor: A reactor is a vessel designed to contain and control chemical reactions. Types include batch reactors, continuous-flow reactors, and more, depending on the application.
Dryer: Dryers are used to remove moisture or liquids from solids. Different types include rotary dryers, fluidized bed dryers, and spray dryers.
Centrifugal Pump, Reciprocating Pump, Diaphragm Pump:
Centrifugal Pump: This type of pump uses centrifugal force to move fluids. It’s widely used in various industries for water supply, chemical processing, and more.
Reciprocating Pump: Reciprocating pumps use a piston or plunger to create a reciprocating motion, drawing in and discharging fluid. They are often used for high-pressure applications.
Diaphragm Pump: Diaphragm pumps use a flexible diaphragm to displace the fluid. They are suitable for handling corrosive or abrasive fluids.
Scrubber, Crusher, Elevator:
Scrubber: Scrubbers are devices used to remove pollutants from exhaust gases. They are commonly employed in industrial processes to control air pollution.
Crusher: Crushers are machines designed to break large rocks into smaller particles. They are used in mining, construction, and recycling industries.
Elevator: Elevators are used to vertically transport people or goods between floors. In an industrial context, they are crucial for material handling.
Cyclone Separator, Condenser, Cooling Tower:
Cyclone Separator: Cyclone separators are used to remove particulate matter from a gas stream. They are widely used in industries such as power generation and petrochemicals.
Condenser: Condensers are devices that transfer heat from a substance to a cooling medium, causing it to change from a gaseous to a liquid state. They are common in refrigeration and power plants.
Cooling Tower: Cooling towers are heat rejection devices that transfer heat to the atmosphere through the cooling of a water stream. They are used in industrial processes, power plants, and HVAC systems.
Ball Mill, Scraper, Vacuum Pump:
Ball Mill: Ball mills are used for grinding and blending materials. They find application in mineral processing, paint, and ceramic industries.
Scraper: Scrapers are used for removing material from a surface. In an industrial context, they can be used for cleaning or moving materials.
Vacuum Pump: Vacuum pumps are devices that remove gas molecules from a sealed volume to create a vacuum. Types include rotary vane pumps, diaphragm pumps, and others.
Steam Turbine, Gas Turbine, Hydraulic Motor:
Steam Turbine: Steam turbines convert thermal energy from pressurized steam into mechanical work. They are commonly used in power plants.
Gas Turbine: Gas turbines, also known as combustion turbines, convert energy from fuel into mechanical energy using compressed air and fuel combustion.
Hydraulic Motor: Hydraulic motors convert hydraulic energy (from fluid pressure) into mechanical rotational energy. They are used in hydraulic systems for various applications.
Type: Continuous Rotary Kiln
Explanation: A continuous, rotating vessel used for thermal processing, such as calcination, drying, or chemical reactions. Commonly found in cement and lime production.
Type: Direct Rotary Dryer
Explanation: Utilized for drying materials by bringing them into direct contact with a heated gas. Often used in industries like mineral processing and agriculture for drying bulk solids.
Type: Dilute-phase Pneumatic Conveyor
Explanation: A system that uses air to transport dry bulk materials through a pipeline. In dilute-phase conveying, the material is suspended in the air stream, allowing for gentle handling of fragile materials.
Type: Turbojet Engine
Explanation: An aircraft propulsion system that produces thrust by jet propulsion. Turbojet engines compress incoming air, mix it with fuel, and ignite the mixture to generate a high-speed exhaust jet.
Type: Scroll Type Compressor
Explanation: A positive displacement compressor that uses orbiting and fixed scrolls to compress refrigerant or gas. Known for smooth, quiet operation and is commonly used in air conditioning systems.
Type: Propeller Axial Fan
Explanation: A fan that moves air parallel to the shaft around which the blades rotate. Commonly used for ventilation and cooling purposes due to their high airflow rates.
Type: Multi-stage Axial Compressor
Explanation: Found in gas turbine engines, it uses multiple rotating and stationary blades to compress air before it enters the combustion chamber. This design is efficient for high-pressure applications.
Type: Scroll Type Vacuum Pump
Explanation: A pump that uses a scroll mechanism to create a vacuum by compressing and expelling air. It is oil-free and commonly used in applications requiring clean and dry vacuum.
Type: Screw Rotary Compressor
Explanation: A positive displacement compressor that uses rotating screws to compress air. Efficient for high-volume applications and commonly used in industrial settings.
Type: Submersible Well Pump
Explanation: A pump designed to be submerged in liquid, often used for pumping water from wells. Submersible pumps are efficient and require little maintenance.
Type: Magnetic Stirrer
Explanation: Utilizes a magnetic field to rotate a stir bar within a container, mixing liquids without the need for direct contact between the stirring mechanism and the fluid. Commonly used in laboratories.
Type: Pelton Turbine
Explanation: Converts fluid (water or steam) energy into mechanical energy using a series of buckets or blades mounted around a central shaft. Pelton turbines are suitable for high-head, low-flow applications.
Type: Double Drum Dryer
Explanation: Consists of two drums rotating in the same direction, with the material being dried flowing over the heated surface of the inner drum. Commonly used in the food and chemical industries.
Type: Trommel Screen
Explanation: A cylindrical drum with perforated holes used to separate materials by size. Trommel screens are commonly used in mining and waste processing.
Type: Drop-through Rotary Valve
Explanation: Used in bulk material handling systems to control the flow of granular or powdered materials. Drop-through rotary valves are suitable for free-flowing materials.
Type: Inclined Vibrating Screen
Explanation: A screening device with a sloped deck that vibrates, allowing materials to move down the screening surface. Inclined vibrating screens are used in various industries for particle separation.
Type: Diode Pump
Explanation: A high-vacuum pump that uses multiple stages of turbine blades to achieve efficient molecular flow. Diode pumps are common in semiconductor manufacturing and research applications.
Type: Hose Peristaltic Pump
Explanation: Uses a flexible tube or hose and a set of rollers to move fluid through the tubing by compressing and releasing it. Peristaltic pumps are suitable for precise and sterile fluid transfer applications.
Type: Worm gears belong to the category of gear mechanisms. They consist of a worm (a screw-like gear) and a worm wheel (a gear that meshes with the worm). The rotation of the worm causes the worm wheel to rotate, providing a compact and efficient means of transmitting motion.
Type: Vane pumps fall under the category of positive displacement pumps. They utilize rotating vanes (blades) to move fluid through the pump. As the vanes rotate, they create expanding and contracting chambers that draw in and expel fluid, providing a consistent and pulse-free flow.
Type: Reciprocating compressors are a type of positive displacement compressor. They work by reducing the volume of gas through a piston-cylinder arrangement. The gas is drawn into the cylinder and compressed as the piston moves in a reciprocating (back-and-forth) motion.
Type: Spiral conveyors are a type of material handling equipment. They are designed in a spiral shape to transport goods vertically or horizontally. These conveyors are commonly used in logistics and manufacturing to move products between different elevations in a continuous manner.
Type: Ribbon blenders are mixing devices used in various industries. They have a long, helical ribbon-like agitator that rotates within a U-shaped trough. The ribbon promotes a thorough and even mixing of materials, making them suitable for blending dry powders, granules, and similar materials.
Type: Radial fans, also known as centrifugal fans, belong to the category of air handling equipment. They use a rotating impeller to create airflow perpendicular to the fan’s inlet. Radial fans are suitable for applications where high-pressure output is required, such as in HVAC systems and industrial ventilation.
Type: Drum pumps are a type of pump designed for transferring liquids from drums or containers. They typically consist of a tube that is inserted into the liquid, and a motor-driven pump mechanism that draws the liquid and dispenses it through a nozzle.
Type: Planetary mixers are mixing devices used in food and chemical processing. They have a mixing bowl and an agitator that rotates on its own axis while orbiting around the central axis of the bowl. This dual motion ensures thorough mixing of ingredients.
Type: Screw conveyors are material handling equipment that use a rotating helical screw blade to move granular or powdery materials horizontally or at a slight incline. They are widely used in industries such as agriculture, food processing, and mining for conveying bulk materials efficiently.
50 Static equipment in a table
Here is a list of 50 static equipment in a table format.
|Fin Fan Cooler
|Shell and Tube
|Fixed Bed Reactor
|Fluidized Bed Reactor
|Glass Lined Vessel
|Static Heat Exchanger
|Wire Mesh Demister